(*) Turkey’s new Draft IP Law is before the Parliament
Non-use, Cancellation Claims can be filed before the Turkish Patent Institute
According to the current Turkish Decree Law No. 556 on Trademarks, it is possible to institute a court action for the cancellation of a registered trademark on the basis of non-use, if the trademark has not been put to use without a justifiable/legitimate reason or if the use has been suspended during an uninterrupted period of five years.
The cancellation requests based on non-use can only be claimed before the IP Courts whereas the Turkish Patent Institute is not entitled to prosecute such requests.
Proposed Changes by the Draft IP Law
In accordance with the Draft IP Law a trademark can be cancelled on the basis of non-use if the trademark has not been put to use without a justifiable/legitimate reason or if the use has been suspended during an uninterrupted period of five years upon a request to be filed before the Turkish Patent Institute.
Upon notification, the trademark owner will be entitled to submit its replies and evidences within one month. The Institute can grant an extension of one month for submission of the use evidences if requested. The Institute may also ask additional evidences where if necessary.
The Turkish Patent Institute will become entitled to handle the non-use cancellation request after a transition period of 7 years.
The proposed change will enable the 3rd parties to contest a trademark on the basis of non-use before the Turkish Patent Institute instead of a Court. The Institute will be entitled to rule the total or partial cancellation a registered trademark. However, such decision of the Institute can still be contested before the specialized IP Court.